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Fair Diversity Peer Review

Take this paper and follow the directions I have given.

Review the paper carefully since the goal is to help your peer write a better paper. Make sure your comments and suggestions are clearly stated.

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You can add your comments either by clicking on the Word tool bar and going to REVIEW and clicking on it. A drop down menu will give you NEW COMMENT and that will open a side bar for your comments. Look at how I have reviewed your paper and will see the format.

Once you have reviewed the paper submit it to Assignment Box 4 for Faith Diversity paper. Please make sure you submit it to Turn It In. I know it has already been submitted but the university requires that all papers be submitted.

My Assignment

I have assigned the following paper to you for your review.

In reviewing the paper, you will need to respond to the following questions. Remember you are trying to help your peer write a better paper. These are questions you need to answer and include in your review.

1. Does the paper provide sufficient evidence for its hypothesis or claim?

2. Does the flow of the paper and sentence structure make sense?

3. Should it be organized in a different manner?

4. Are all the items listed in the assignment guidelines and rubric covered and in sufficient depth?

If you look at how I have graded your papers you can see how the review can work.

At the end of the paper, answer the four questions for your peer so they will know what to change.

There are 50 points for this review and those points are for your review of the paper. So make sure you give your peer a thorough review so they can improve their final paper.

Once you have completed the review and have made comments and suggestions for the paper, YOU WILL THEN SUBMIT THEM TO THE PEER REVIEW BOX UNDER ASSIGNMENTS IN WEEK 4.

Comments can be made by either clicking the comment box (found in the tool bar at the top of the Word Document) in a word document or by adding to the text of the paper with a different color of type.

Enclosed is the paper you would have to do a Peer review on:

The Affordable Health Care Act is often referred to as “the Marketplace exchange” (healthcare.gov),; the U.S as a society has increasingly become a religious marketplace with vast growing community dynamics (Porter, J. R et al. (2013) and faithful’s pledging allegiance to diverse religious sentiments and differing ways of administering healings. With major views such as the Christian, Buddhist, Sikh and Judaist religious beliefs; professional trainings and daily community interconnections and interrelations becomes tools of reference for nurses and other allied health workers who are not by any stretch required to undergo course in a seminary or Buddhist temple to fully grabs the complexities involved in caring for patients with diverse cultural and religious affiliations and yet treat everyone with utmost prudence and respect.

Introduction:

The passage of the healthcare reform legislation of 2010 and the Health Information Technology for Economic and Clinical Health (HTECH) which are elements of the American Recovery and Reinvestment Acts (ARRA) of 2009 has drastically revolutionized the medical and health care delivery system in the U.S (McQuade-Jones, B., et al. 2014). More people are now coming to the hospital for treatment with “8 million enrolled in the marketplaces during the 2016 open enrollment, 11.7 million are estimated to have enrolled during the 2015 open enrollment, as of March of 2015 a total of 16.4 people got covered which accounts for an uninsured rate of 11.9% down from a high of 18% 2013” (obamacarefacts.com). Of these numbers are a community of patients with diverse cultures, customs, languages and religious beliefs with differing views of what is acceptable and what is not acceptable. The nurse and other allied health care workers have to deal and care for all patients without over stepping boundaries and cause an offense in any way. Some do not give or accept blood transfusions; dietary services must put into account acceptable meals like pork, hot-dog and gravy on rice due to religious beliefs and cultural taboos. Some are sensitive to gender preferences as to who is their nurse or nurse’s aide and may not allow a male nurse to care for them. The deciding factor in this dilemma is to be professional, discrete, good understanding of your patient. The dynamics of today’s health care delivery and observable trends in our hospitals is quite different from what is common practices of the past; before now patients were usually at the mercy of hospital routines and served at the advantage of doctors, nurses and other allied health workers. McCurdy, D. B. (1995), stated that if a patient voiced frustration about such routines, the typical response was that things had to be done this way.” However, cognizance of patient’s in-depth feedback is gradually changing tone and hospitals and employees are beginning to take patient care and customer services very seriously. A contrast of Christian and Buddhist beliefs in relation to acceptable health care delivery modules will be discussed.

Comparison of faith and Beliefs:

The Christian beliefs or views:

At the center of the Christian faith is the theme of “divine condescension.” God in the Person of Christ Jesus came down from His majestic glory, was conceived of the Holy Spirit of a virgin, was born and in walked the streets of Jerusalem, ministered to the spiritual and physical needs of frail mortals. He healed the sick, fed the hungry and restoration to the spiritually lost (Psalm 23:3; 1 John 1:9). Christians as followers of Christ (Acts 11:26) and adheres to His teachings. John wrote concerning what the Lord taught, He said: “Very truly I tell you, whoever believes in me will do the works I have been doing, and they will do even greater things than these, because I am going to the Father.” Christ paid sympathetic attention to those that came to Him for help and healing (Luke 8:43-48 ), He commended the Samaritan traveler who took time to help and care for a fellow traveler that was robbed, battened and left to die (Luke 10:25-37). Similarly, McCurdy, D. B. (1995) stated that “Jesus prodded His followers to add value for seekers of help and healing by finding creative ways to use their human and material resources and by trusting that the Spirit will both guide and provide” all grace to meet the challenges of in ministering to the diverse multitude that throng them daily. Nurses have been “called to care” (Shelly, J., & Miller, A. 2006) and like the Disciples of Christ, have to draw on the strength and grace of the Spirit to care and relate prudently to all patients that come to the hospital for medical help. Taylor, C. (2001), stated that “our mission is to continue the healing ministry of Jesus; it is of our nature to serve one another, ministering to people with health needs not primarily because it makes us feel good, or keeps us gainfully employed, or generates a profit, but because we are committed to continue the radical healing ministry of Jesus Christ.” Shelly, J., & Miller, A. (2006), pointed out that constitutes Christian worldview is the constant motivation to “reach out to the poor, the sick and the marginalized” which in contrast to other worldviews which are focused on “gaining control of the physical elements and spiritual powers”, nurses who are called to care should have the mind set of the founder of nursing, Florence Nightingale who looked unto God the Creator humans in His image (Genesis 1:26), who deserves to be loved and obeyed in servicing the people that are afflicted and sick. Traditionally, the act of caring for others in the “form of nursing” has been part of human and Church history and should be encouraged because humanity is only getting sicker on a daily basis regardless of the many technological breakthroughs. It is about communicating the good news of shalom, health and healing both in words and in action. These are fundamental Christian worldviews that must be adhered to and shared. It is demonstrated “God, Environment, Person, Health and Nursing” ( (Shelly, J., & Miller, A. 2006). This involves using the gifts and grace of God for the benefits of creation and particularly, humans with the use of touch, soothing words, prayers and creating a sense of community that is relational. The Christian views on health and healing is unique because specific emphasis is laid on caring for all dimensions of man: spirit, soul and body. The Trinitarian nature of God , Father, Son and the Holy Spirit forms the foundation and basic beliefs of the Christian worldview which reveals love, peace, and salvation.

Buddhism and Health Care: Buddhists are guided by 4 noble truths: The Noble Eightfold, Karma, rebirth, dependent origination. Buddhism is not bound by culture nor any other society, race or ethnic group whose emphasis and practice is on how you develop your mind rather than the way you dress, the kind of food you eat, the way you wear your hair. It is believed thatin Buddha’s path, it is observation that characterizes the realization of the total end of suffering. So at the beginning, in the middle and at the end of the Buddha’s path, observation plays an extremely important role. However, there is a common ground of seeking for healing and that is through prayer. Miller, M. M., et al. (2013) stated that prayer is a type of inner conversation or communion that is recognized as active, transcendent, divine, and mutual. Christians do offer prayer to God Almighty for healing, provisions, protection and forgiveness of their sin but the Buddhist enchantment goes to Buddha. Christianity beliefs that nursing is an act of obedience to God to help care for sick humans but Buddhists does not see it that way.

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