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What are the duties and role of the local health department?

Question Description

Answer questions to the following 2 study cases

Community Case: Environmental Health: Food Safety

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Case Part 1

Columbia General Hospital, located in Johnson County, has observed 10 cases of similar client symptoms in its emergency room in the past 10 hours. Client ages range from 2 to 67 years old. Client symptoms consist of nausea, vomiting, severe abdominal cramps, headache, and diarrhea.

Questions for students:

  • What is your initial needs assessment of this situation?
  • Why might it be important to contact the Johnson County Health Department?
  • What are the duties and role of the local health department?
  • What aspects of vulnerable populations could be factors in this outbreak?

Community Case: Emergency Preparedness and Disaster Management

Case Part 1

An F2 tornado touches down on the edge of Johnson County without much advance warning from the National Weather Service. The Johnson County disaster preparedness plan is implemented, but it has not been tested for over 3 years. There seems to be some confusion at the command center on who may be in charge due to changes in personnel since the last test of the disaster preparedness plan. Nurse Judy and nursing student Madison arrive at the command center to volunteer, but they have to wait for some time to receive their assignment.

Questions for students:

  • What are the main components of a disaster plan?
  • What are the phases of disaster management?
  • Who implements a community disaster plan? How often should a community disaster plan be reviewed and tested?
  • What are the differences between natural and man-made disasters?
  • How would you address the confusion at the incident command center?

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